How To Apply For Social Security Disability Benefits

How to apply for Social Security Disability benefits?

If you are ready, you can apply now by completing your application online.

  • Need assistance or more information? Call 1-800-772-1213 toll-free
  • Deaf or hard of hearing? You can be assisted by calling this toll-free telephone number TTY 1-800-325-0778.
  • Find a Social Security office near you by clicking here.

To apply in person, call your local office to make an appointment prior to you visit.

Are you looking to help someone else? Please read Helping Someone Apply Online to be informed.

What do you need to apply?

Personal Information:

  • Proof of age and SSN (Social Security Number);
  • Names, addresses, and phone numbers of doctors, caseworkers, hospitals, and clinics that took care of you and the dates of your visits
  • Names and dosages of all the medications you are taking;
  • Medical records (from your doctors, therapists, hospitals, clinics, and caseworkers) that you already have in your possession;
  • Laboratory and test results
  • A summary of where you worked and the kind of work you did; and
  • Your most recent W-2 form or, if you were self-employed, a copy of your federal tax return.

Family Members Information:

  • SSN and proof of age for each family member who may qualify for benefits; and
  • Proof of marriage, if your spouse is applying for benefits, as well as dates of prior marriages, if applicable.

NOTE: Documents presented must be original or certified copies by issuing office. All documents can be mailed or brought to Social Security. Photocopies will be made, and original documents returned.

If you don’t have all the documents you need, don’t delay filing for benefits. We will help you get the information you need.

Additional Help for Filing Your Claim:

The Social Security Disability Starter Kit will help you get ready for your interview or online application. Starter kits are available in English or Spanish for adults and children under the age 18.

Additional online help is available on the Application for Benefits, which includes links to information that will help you complete the form.

If Your Application Is Denied:

After your application and information provided has been reviewed by the Social Security it may be decided that you do not meet the qualifications for disability benefits.
If you disagree with that decision, you have the right to ask the Social Security Office to look at your application again. The notice you receive from them that says you don’t qualify will explain how to appeal the decision and the time period in which you must make the request.

If the Social Security Office decides you don’t qualify:

  • Because you are not disabled under their rules, you can appeal the decision online.
  • The online disability report will ask you for updated information about your medical condition and any treatment, tests, or doctor visits since the decision was made. To appeal you can click on the following link: Appeal Medical Decision
  • For non-medical reasons, you can appeal the decision online by clicking here: Appeal Other Decision
  • You may also call Social Security toll-free number at 1-800-772-1213 to request an appeal. People who are deaf or hard of hearing can call the toll-free TTY number, 1-800-325-0778.

If you do not have enough work credits to be eligible for Social Security Disability benefits you may possibly qualify for Supplemental Security Income (SSI) if you have limited income and resources.